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Has Amelia Earhart Been Found?

Before we dive into the details that led to the question whether Amelia Earhart has been found, let’s briefly check out the history of this woman in question. Amelia Earhart is the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean all alone. Her plane vanished over the Pacific Ocean in 1937. Although she is not the first person to disappear with a plane over the Atlantic Ocean, her case has caught the attention of many. So back to the issue, has Amelia Earhart been found? After many years of the searching for an answer to her mysterious disappearance, it may be that a closure has been found.

Recent scientific findings claim that some bones that were discovered on the Pacific Island of Nikumaroro in 1940 belong to Earhart; that is despite a forensic analysis that shows that the remains found in 1941 belonged to a man. For a long time, there has been a disagreement by others who are of the view that Earhart died on the island after her plane accident.

The bones were found on the island by a team of British explorers who was exploring the island for the possibility for settlement. In a further search on the island, the group, found a human skull and several other bones and what happens to look like a female shoe.  Other items discovered were a box, inside it was a Brandis Navy Surveying Sextant manufactured in 1918 and a herbal liqueur called Benedictine.  The result of this search was what increased the suspicion that the bones may be the remains of Amelia Earhart. This led to another theory that Amelia Earhart did not die as a result of the plane crash.

The recovered bones were taken to Fiji, where it was studied by D.W Hoodless of the Central Medical School. At that time, the forensic study of bones, Osteology, was not yet developed as a discipline. Thus, Hoodless’s methods used in determining the sex of the remains were said to be incorrect when compared to modern day techniques. Therefore, there’s an opinion that his assessment of what the remains belong to a man may not be accurate.

Richard L. Jantz came up with a computer program to estimate the sex and ancestry root of the skeletal remains using measurements. Forensic anthropologists across the world commonly used this method, called Fordisc. Jantz using this process compared the lengths of the bones to Earhart’s last known measurements, using her body build, weight, height, proportions and limb lengths. This estimate was made from her photographs and information that was found on her driver’s and pilot’s licenses.  A forensic examiner by the name Jeff Glickman used the measurement, and a photo of Earhart found in Lockheed Aircraft Corp. in the photo, Earhart’s arms where exposed, and it was found that her upper arm bone was similar in measurement with the bones found on the Nikumaroro Island.  The result was that the bones found in the Nikumaroro Island were up to99 percent similar to the reference and measurement sample.